AVRO 1938

The preparation of a candidates’ tournament started in 1936. World champion Euwe was willing to play a match against the winner. When Alekhine got the title back in 1937, he accepted a challenge by Flohr. However, Bata Shoes withdrew as sponsor after turmoil in Sudetenland, and the old idea revived. The radio company Algemeene Vereeniging Radio Omroep (AVRO) backed the event, because Euwe was hot news in the Netherlands. Prizes were 1000, 750, 500 and 400 guilders. Participation was nearly identical to the top eight in Nottingham 1936: Keres had taken the place of Lasker. Levenfish was deeply disappointed by his absence.

AVRO 1938 was played in ten Dutch cities from 6 until 27 xi 1938. Each round the players had to make a journey to the tournament hall. Most rounds were played in the evening. On those days, the players did not get a hot meal, a Dutch treat. Adjourned games were resumed in Amsterdam’s Krasnapolsky Hotel. According to his wife Olga, Capablanca had a slight infarction due to exhaustion. The conditions favoured the young players. 

 

pgn-file of AVRO 1938 (56 games)      zip-file of CBase-files of AVRO 1938

 

Fourteen rounds were played in ten cities

Alekhine spoils the fiftieth birthday of Capablanca

When Keres won AVRO 1938, church bells were ringing and schoolchildren got a day off in Estonia. World champion Alekhine showed less enthusiasm but did not exclude a match. His interest went to a contest against Botvinnik. Plans were made for a fight between Fine and Euwe. World War II terminated these ideas. Max Euwe wrote the tournament book. Eventually, a match between Keres and Keres was played in 1939/40. 

             1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8

1 Keres      ** 1˝ ˝˝ ˝˝ 1˝ ˝˝ 1˝ ˝˝  8˝

2 Fine       0˝ ** 1˝ 10 10 11 ˝˝ 1˝  8˝

3 Botvinnik  ˝˝ 0˝ ** ˝0 1˝ 1˝ ˝1 ˝˝  7˝

4 Euwe       ˝˝ 01 ˝1 ** 0˝ 0˝ 01 1˝  7

5 Reshevsky  0˝ 01 0˝ 1˝ ** ˝˝ ˝˝ 1˝  7

6 Alekhine   ˝˝ 00 0˝ 1˝ ˝˝ ** ˝1 ˝1  7

7 Capablanca 0˝ ˝˝ ˝0 10 ˝˝ ˝0 ** ˝1  6

8 Flohr      ˝˝ 0˝ ˝˝ 0˝ 0˝ ˝0 ˝0 **  4˝

 

Keres is congratulated by Fine in the last round

Keres gets more felicitations

 

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