Bugojno was a sleepy Bosnian town in the quiet Yugoslavia of Marshall Tito. Great chess was played from 26 ii until 16 iii 1978. Main player was world champion Karpov. A series of five biannual events had started. One game per round plus an extra game have been selected for each tournament.
Principal sponsor 'Slavko Radic' produced typewriters and metal parts. Chess gave prestige to Bugojno. Television devoted half-an-hour per day to the event. Although Karpov and Spassky had each lost one game, they led at the end of the penultimate round. They triumphed in their last game and scored 10/15 (each won $2500), one point before Timman ($1500).
The second Bugojno super tournament lasted from 3 until 24 v 1980. Tito’s death on 4 v, a day after the first round, caused an interruption. The twelve participants were driven to Dubrovnik for a holiday. Gligoric went to the funeral in Belgrade. Round two was played after one week of national mourning.
"Karpov won in his old-fashioned shitty way", Timman wrote full of envy about the last round. Karpov won the tournament by 8/11. Larsen had scored 7½ and Timman 6½ points.
The third event was played in May 1982. Gary Kasparov was the young star. He triumphed in a grand style by 9½/13, 1½ points before Polugaevsky and Ljubojevic, and 2 points before Spassky and Hübner.
Bugojno number four occurred from 25 v until 10 vi 1984. Primovac, manager of 'Slavko Radic', and Domancinovic, head of the town council, were been the main organisers of the previous three events. They had left Bugojno. The extravagant director Bjelica acted strangely in their places. Timman walked on crotches due to a broken leg, but he went forwards in the tournament by big steps. Jan triumphed by 8½/13, half-a-point before Ribli and one point before Torre.
The fifth and final Bugojno tournament lasted from 25 v until 14 vi 1986. When Hübner heard about the starting fees and prizes on the phone, he demanded a written document. Bjelica invited Portisch instead. Lajos came and enjoyed a paid tennis vacation with Boris on the court near Hotel Akvarium. But the holy goal of a category 16 tournament had been achieved. Eight grandmasters played double rounds. Karpov won the tournament by 8½/14. Sokolov and Ljubojevic followed by one point. 70% of the games was drawn.
Bugojno 1986 1 2 3 4
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When Maarten de Zeeuw visited Bugojno in 1996, he found a largely destroyed Hotel Akvarium. Only the large Rook had survived the war (this monument celebrated the 1978 event). All organisers had left, because they were Serbians.