Jan van Reek
Pgn Chess Olympiads
(1½ Mb of selected annotated games)
Zip of Chess Olympiads
The success of the Olympic
Summer Games in Paris 1924 had a great appeal to chess organizers.
National federations came to Paris in 1924 and FIDE (Fédération
Internationale des Échecs) was proclaimed by fifteen nations. Alexander
Rueb became the first president.
Tschepurnoff, Apsenieks, Euwe, Colle, Matisons, Palau
Finalists of Paris 1924 (Havasi is missing)
|Hamilton Russell Cup
Four usual characteristics of
chess Olympiads were present in London 1927: 1. The team tournament was
the main event. 2. National teams of four players met. 3. Professionals
were allowed. 4. Challenge trophy became the golden Hamilton Russell
Cup. Hungary won the first official Olympiad.
The second one became The Hague 1928. The FIDE
wanted to participate in the Olympic Games and invited only amateurs.
Although the Games took place in the Netherlands, chess did not even
become a demonstration sport. FIDE seemed to be an amateurish family.
But thereafter, a biannual team event of professionals and amateurs
became a great success! Hamburg 1930 was the first full event. The USA
won gold in 1931, 1933, 1935 and 1937. FIDE survived an economic
|Fine, Kupchik, officer, Horowitz, Frank
& Carrie Marshall and Dake on a boat to Warsaw 1935
Germany had been excluded in 1933, 1935 and 1937
due to the Aryan paragraph. Although the ban of Jews had remained, a
German team was allowed in 1939. Preliminaries were organised, because
more than twenty countries participated. The start of the finals in Buenos Aires
coincided with the invasion of Poland by Germany. England withdrew. Some
teams refused to play Germany, the future winners. Eventually, many chess players stayed
|Copacabana transported European players from Buenos Aires to Antwerp in 1939
||Kotov, Geller, Smyslov, Bronstein, Keres, Botvinnik
and Bondarevsky (captain) in
The Olympiads were resumed in Dubrovnik 1950. A new era started, when
the Soviet Union took part in Helsinki 1952. They dominated many
Olympiads. Preliminaries occurred from 1952 until 1974.
Playing Hall of Tel Aviv 1964
Spassky have drawn in Havana 1966.
Tal and Polugaevsky are watching.
The Swiss System was applied from 1976. Haifa 1976 became deviant, because it
was boycotted by many countries. Hungary won Buenos Aires 1978. The
Soviet Union triumphed from 1980 until 1990.
The number of participating countries rose above one-hundred.
|Jan Timman and Robert Byrne
in Haifa 1976
|Stamps show the success of William Hook in
When the Soviet Union and
Yugoslavia fell apart, this had great consequences for Manila 1992.
The new republics became strong competitors. Russia was the main
force and won from 1992 until 2002. Hereafter, other former Soviet
republics took over.
|The Hungarian women
celebrate in 1988
||Chess Palace 1998
FIDE turned a
failure into a great success. The first intention was to join the
Olympic Games. That never happened, because many chess players were
professionals and only physical sports were allowed. Instead the
Chess Olympiads became a separate biannual event. Nowadays, about
two thousand players, officials and journalists participate in a
tournament of two weeks.
Team champions of Chess Olympiads
Paris 1924 (unofficial):
Budapest 1926 (unofficial): Hungary
1. London 1927: Hungary
2. The Hague 1928: Hungary
3. Hamburg 1930: Poland
4. Prague 1931: USA
5. Folkestone 1933: USA
6. Warsaw 1935: USA
7. Stockholm 1937: USA
8. Buenos Aires 1939:
9. Dubrovnik 1950: Yugoslavia
10. Helsinki 1952: Soviet Union
11. Amsterdam 1954: Soviet Union
12. Moscow 1956: Soviet Union
13. Munich 1958: Soviet Union
14. Leipzig 1960: Soviet Union
15. Varna 1962: Soviet Union
16. Tel Aviv 1964: Soviet Union
17. Havana 1966: Soviet Union
18. Lugano 1968: Soviet Union
19. Siegen 1970: Soviet Union
20. Skopje 1972: Soviet Union
21. Nice 1974: Soviet Union
22. Haifa 1976: USA
Tripoli 1976 (unofficial): El Salvador
23. Buenos Aires 1978: Hungary
24. Valletta 1980: Soviet Union
25. Luzern 1982: Soviet Union
26. Thessaloniki 1984: Soviet Union
27. Dubai 1986: Soviet Union
28. Thessaloniki 1988: Soviet Union
29. Novi Sad 1990: Soviet Union
30. Manila 1992: Russia
31. Moscow 1994: Russia
32. Yerevan 1996: Russia
33. Elista 1998: Russia
34. Istanbul 2000: Russia
35. Bled 2002: Russia
36. Calvia 2004: Ukraine
37. Torino 2006: Armenia
38. Dresden 2008: Armenia
39. Khanty Mansiysk 2010: Ukraine
40. Istanbul 2012: Armenia
information about team events