EUWE JUBILEE AND MEMORIALS

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The Euwe Jubilee was played in Amsterdam from 14-21 May 1976. A quartet of grandmasters played double rounds. The occasion was Euwe’s 75th birthday. A circus tent full of glitter and mirrors stood at the Museumplein, where the general public could drink beer and follow the games. Ten-years-old Short gave a simultaneous display in the tent. The quartet played on the fourth floor of the Van Gogh Museum. Literary Cafe on Tour, the museum and city of Amsterdam sponsored the event. World champion Karpov won. 

 

Amsterdam 1976

            1  2  3  4

1 Karpov    ** 1˝ ˝˝ ˝1  4

2 Browne    0˝ ** 01 ˝1  3

3 Timman    ˝˝ 10 ** 0˝  2˝

4 Olafsson  ˝0 ˝0 1˝ **  2˝

 

FIDE President and world champion

Report by Ten Geuzendam

 


 

It had lasted a decade until another Euwe tournament was organised. The original idea of an annual tradition was applied by the Verenigde Spaarbank or VSB. The organisation was very similar to the Euwe Jubilee: a quartet of grandmasters played double rounds in May, the days for adjourned games followed after the third and fifth rounds, and the fifth and sixth rounds were exchanged. 

The first of ten Euwe Memorials was played in Amsterdam from 7-14 May 1987. Playing hall was Singel 548, main building of the bank. Karpov and Timman won. 

 

Amsterdam 1987

               1  2  3  4

1 Karpov       ** ˝˝ ˝1 1˝ 4

2 Timman       ˝˝ ** ˝˝ 11 4

3 Kortschnoj   ˝0 ˝˝ ** ˝˝ 2˝

4 Van der Wiel 0˝ 00 ˝˝ ** 1˝

 


The second Memorial was played from 11-17 March 1988. Short had a poor start due to a loss against Karpov. Three smashing wins in a row made him the winner. Timman had just won Linares. Four defeats in a row made him the loser. 

 

Amsterdam 1988

              1  2  3  4

1 Short       ** 0˝ ˝1 11 4

2 Karpov      1˝ ** 0˝ ˝1 3˝

3 Ljubojevic  ˝0 1˝ ** ˝1 3˝

4 Timman      00 ˝0 ˝0 ** 1

 


The third Memorial was played from 16-23 March 1989. Local hero Timman took the lead when he won three games. The other players were defeated in a row. He became the sole winner after a difficult draw in the last round. It was a sportive revenge for the previous tournament. Poor Hjartarson only scored one draw. 

 

Amsterdam 1989

              1  2  3  4

1 Timman      ** ˝1 1˝ 1˝  4˝

2 Short       ˝0 ** ˝1 11  4

3 Salov       0˝ ˝0 ** 11  3

4 Hjartarson  0˝ 00 00 **  ˝

 


 

Director Lies Muller

VSB

Geurt Gijssen and Nigel Short

 

The fourth Memorial was played from 10-17 May 1990. Time limitations were forty moves in two hours and twenty moves in one hour. Adjourned games had to be played on the fourth and seventh day of the tournament. The highlight of the tournament was the game Korchnoi-Gurevich. Mikhail played the Leningrad with Black. Viktor had analysed the opening with Vinogradov, Kopilov and Kouzminich forty years ago in Leningrad. He knew the most feared white moves. Gurevich did not find the right defence of the weak square e6 and lost. Korchnoi won the tournament deservedly. 

 

Rotterdam 1990

            1  2  3  4

1 Korchnoi  ** ˝1 ˝˝ 1˝ 4

2 Gurevich  ˝0 ** 1˝ ˝1 3˝

3 Timman    ˝˝ 0˝ ** ˝1 3

4 Short     0˝ ˝0 ˝0 ** 1˝

 


 

The fifth Memorial took place from 1-13 May 1991. Games were played in Amsterdam again due to the lesser interest in Rotterdam. The nine participants of the previous events and world champion Kasparov were invited for the lustre. Gary proposed replacements for Hjartarson and Van der Wiel but met no sympathy. 

Most games were drawn at first. Halfway the tournament took off. We follow the ten wins by the top four. A surprise was the first place of Salov and Short. Spectators got small presents when they made smart comments on the games. The book Carel Mann was the gift in 1991. 

 

Amsterdam 1991

               1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0

1 Salov        * ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 ˝  6

2 Short        ˝ * ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 ˝ ˝ 1  6

3 Kasparov     ˝ ˝ * ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1  5˝

4 Karpov       ˝ ˝ ˝ * ˝ ˝ 1 1 ˝ ˝  5˝

5 Korchnoi     0 ˝ 0 ˝ * ˝ 1 ˝ 1 ˝  4˝

6 Hjartarson   ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ * 0 ˝ ˝ 1  4

7 Timman       0 0 ˝ 0 0 1 * ˝ 1 1  4

8 Gurevich     ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ * ˝ 0  3˝

9 Van der Wiel 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ 0 ˝ * ˝  3

10 Ljubojevic  ˝ 0 0 ˝ ˝ 0 0 1 ˝ *  3

 


The sixth Memorial took place from 14-21 May 1992. Many games were drawn. A highlight occurred when Anand lost his way to the playing hall. Spectacles were the errors in time trouble. Suddenly two games were decided in the penultimate round. Short and Anand won the event. 

Amsterdam 1992

            1  2  3  4

1 Short     ** ˝˝ 01 ˝1  3˝

2 Anand     ˝˝ ** ˝1 ˝˝  3˝

3 Seirawan  10 ˝0 ** ˝˝  2˝

4 Timman    ˝0 ˝˝ ˝˝ **  2˝

 


The seventh Memorial was played from 6-13 May 1993. Again it was a doubled rounded event of four players. Main organisers were Lies Muller as director and Geurt Gijssen as arbiter. Short started with a loss against Kramnik. In the last round he played a great attacking game against Anand. Nigel won and became first. When Kramnik asked why he resigned against Short in the fourth round, he answered: "I was stupid". A lucky win against Piket, gained him the second place. When Short and Kramnik catch up with Anand in the last round, Vishy was deeply disappointed. Piket played an unfortunate tournament. He gave away two better positions by blunders.  

Amsterdam 1993

           1  2  3  4

1 Short    ** 01 ˝1 ˝˝  3˝

2 Kramnik  10 ** ˝˝ ˝1  3˝

3 Anand    ˝0 ˝˝ ** 11  3˝

4 Piket    ˝˝ ˝0 00 **  1˝

 

Four chess players and a real man in 1993

Kasparov lost his mind against Lautier

 


There had been great tumult in the chess world since the last VSB event. Kasparov and Short had played the PCA world championship, while Karpov and Timman executed the FIDE version in 1993. These four were invited for participation at one moment of the organisation. Karpov disliked the setup. Eventually he was replaced by Ivanchuk. The eighth Memorial took place from 12-19 May 1994. 

Kasparov played great chess until he blundered against Ivanchuk. Gary fled. When Vassily was defeated by Timman in the last round, Kasparov became the conqueror. Gary expressed his immense gratitude to Jan during the prize-giving. The confused Ivanchuk had left the bank and returned hours later.

 

Amsterdam 1994

            1  2  3  4

1 Kasparov  ** ˝0 11 1˝ 4

2 Ivanchuk  ˝1 ** ˝0 ˝1 3˝

3 Timman    00 ˝1 ** 01 2˝

4 Short     0˝ ˝0 10 ** 2

 


The ninth Memorial took place from 12-18 May 1995. World champion Kasparov dominated the event but did not win. it. His victory with the Evans Gambit against Piket was spectacular. He sacrificed a piece against Lautier in round four but had forgotten his preparation and lost. Stijn Rademaker photographed Gary's despair. Eventually Lautier won the tournament. 

Amsterdam 1995 

            1  2  3  4

1 Lautier   ** ˝1 ˝˝ 1˝  4

2 Kasparov  ˝0 ** 11 10  3˝

3 Topalov   ˝˝ 00 ** 1˝  2˝

4 Piket     0˝ 01 0˝ **  2

 


All participants of the last four events were invited by the VSB Fund for their last tournament. These ten players accepted. Ivanchuk made a false move by making additional demands for the costs of his second. He was replaced by Gelfand. The tenth and last Euwe Memorial took place from 22 iii until 1 iv 1996. Topalov started with a sensational win against Kasparov. Thereafter, Gary won several games. When Kasparov and Kramnik shared the lead, the world champion defeated the co-leader. Topalov retaliated and shared the victory with Kasparov at the end. We follow the spectacular chess by Topalov and Kasparov. 

 

Amsterdam 1996

            1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0

1 Topalov   * 1 0 1 0 1 ˝ 1 1 1  6˝

2 Kasparov  0 * ˝ 1 1 ˝ 1 1 1 ˝  6˝

3 Short     1 ˝ * 0 ˝ 0 ˝ 1 ˝ 1  5

4 Anand     0 0 1 * 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1  5

5 Kramnik   1 0 ˝ 0 * ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ ˝  4˝

6 Lautier   0 ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ * 0 1 0 1  4˝

7 Seirawan  ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ 0 1 * 0 1 ˝  4

8 Gelfand   0 0 0 ˝ ˝ 0 1 * 1 ˝  3˝

9 Piket     0 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 0 0 * ˝  3

10 Timman   0 ˝ 0 0 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ *  2˝

 

The bank stopped with sponsoring, because it had changed the priorities. A spokesman had castigated professional chess during the opening. The schism and constant turmoil in the chess world had damaged its image. Kasparov was defeated by Deep Blue in the next year. Chess was dead. 

 

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