Eighteen players participated in the second international chess tournament Wien 1882. The event celebrated the 25th anniversary of the Wiener Schachgesellschaft. Main organisers were Ignaz Freiherr von Kolisch (1837-1889), honorary member of the club, and Albert ‘chess’ Baron von Rothschild (1844-1911), president of the club. Kaiser Franz Josef (1830-1916) donated the ‘Kaiserpreis’ of 2000 Austrian Gulden. These rich men had also endorsed the first international tournament Wien 1873.
Double rounds were played from 10 v until 24 vi 1882. Games started at ten in the morning. Players had to make fifteen moves per hour. Play was paused after four hours and then had to be resumed within two hours. If the game had not ended before midnight, it was adjourned. Therefore, a minimum of ninety moves had to be made per day!
Mackenzie led by 12˝ points at the end of the first cycle, half-a-point before Winawer and one point before Steinitz. The fighter Winawer had scored twelve wins and five losses. The length of the tournament began to take its toll. Noa departed at the end of the first series, Fleissig withdrew after twenty rounds and Bird became ill during five rounds.
Two additional games were played between Steinitz and Winawer after the second cycle. Both won a game. They shared the first and second prize.
Playoff 1 2
Winawer 1 0 F 1750 + 1000 Austrian Gulden
Steinitz 0 1 F 1750 + 1000 Austrian Gulden
Steinitz' style has been mystified. Kasparov wrote: "He relied excessively on abstract principles". When we study his games, a completely different player emerges. Steinitz was a colourful fighter. Sometimes he attacked by a risky gambit; another time he defended by retreating his pieces to the bottom rank, and he also showed great strength by exercising solid positional play. When he returned to London, Hoffer had taken over his chess column in The Field. Long hostilities began. Winawer was a Polish merchant. He had little time for chess. Great staying power was his foremost strength. He waited for errors by the opponent and showed his tactical talent after a blunder. The shared first place in Wien 1882 was his finest success.
Wien 1998 was one of the biggest chess tournaments in the history of chess. Twenty great masters played double rounds from 1 vi until 25 vii. A playoff extended the tournament til the end of July. Several participants travelled to Köln for the chess congress in August 1898. It was a busy summer for chess. World champion Lasker refused to partake in Vienna, because the number of players was higher than sixteen. Charousek could not play due to illness. Köln 1898 would become his last international tournament. The tournament celebrated the reign of fifty years by Kaiser Franz Josef. Main organiser was Adolf Baron von Rothschild. The players visited his Heugasse palace on 31 May. Rounds were played in the club house of the Wiener Schachklub at Schottengasse 7. Each round started at 10 AM. The time limit was thirty moves in two hours. A bell for adjournment rang at 2 PM. Games were continued from 5 until 9 PM. Then a minimum of 15 moves per hour had to be made. Analysis of adjourned games was not allowed. The games among the top five have been analysed.
The aging Schwarz left the tournament during round eight. His games were cancelled at the end of the first cycle. Tarrasch and Pillsbury ended equal after two cycles and had to play four additional games.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
A large dinner was given at Schottengasse 7 on 26 vii. Many prizes were given. Several masters stayed until the end of the playoff and then took the train to Köln. The additional games were played from 27 until 30 vii. Tarrasch won narrowly. The value of the Krone was similar to the Franc and Mark. So Tarrasch won a lot of money.
Playoff 1 2 3 4
1 Tarrasch 1 0 1 ˝ 2˝ 6000 Kronen
2 Pillsbury 0 1 0 ˝ 1˝ 4000 + 400
Steinitz had great successes in the three international Vienna tournaments. He won in 1873, shared the first prize in 1882 and became fourth in 1898.