Chess in Beverwijk and Wijk aan Zee

Jan van Reek

1938-2014 pgn-file        zip file of CBase files

 

Hoogovens 1938-99

 

The steel industry commenced late in the Netherlands. Two blast-furnaces were built in the dunes near Velsen after the First World War. The company was called ‘Hoogovens’. It had hobby clubs. The steel workers began a chess club after Max Euwe became the world champion.

This small club organised a New Year’s tournament in 1938. Forty players took part in ten groups during the weekend of 15 and 16 January. The first round was played on Saturday evening. Sunday morning was devoted to churchgoing. Round two occurred in the afternoon. Then a joint meal happened. Round three followed in the evening and everybody went home thereafter.

Veldheer had the courage to invite Euwe for the third Hoogovens tournament. He accepted and arranged a leave for the mobilised soldier Nico Cortlever. The greatest happening in 1942 was the pea soup dinner on Sunday, because food had become scarce during the war. The tournament could not take place during the hunger winter in 1945. 

Common people had turned the weekend event into a large Dutch tournament. The basis had remained fully amateurishly, because little money was involved for the invitee. This would change after the war, when foreign players got entry fees. Later it became a modern sponsor event. 

 

Casino in Velsen, the first playing hall

Euwe defeats Wijnants in 1940

Theatre Kennemerland 

 

Holland slowly recovered, when the war was over. The former winners Wijnans and Van den Hoek had disappeared in Germany. Hoogovens became similar to Hastings, because foreign players were invited in 1946. The Belgian O’Kelly won before the Swede Stoltz. Petrosian and Flohr played in 1960, as the first Soviet participants. The main group became a grandmaster tournament at that time. Donner won Beverwijk 1963. 

The tournament moved to Wijk aan Zee in 1968. Hotel Kennemerduin became the playing hall. Commentary was given on the main floor. The higher groups played upstairs and the lower classes belonged in the cellar. Nearby Café De Zon was used in later years. When the event kept growing, the sports centre, De Moriaan, was transformed into the main hall. 

No Soviet player came in 1978, because the defector Korchnoi participated. Nevertheless, the event stayed a super tournament. I enjoyed the quiet winter atmosphere in Wijk aan Zee, as a participant of the master group in 1978 and 1980. 

A Dutch highlight was the victory by Timman in 1985. Anatoly Karpov triumphed in the fiftieth tournament in 1988. The weather stormed the 'Moriaan' and the Polgár sisters stormed the male bastion in 1990. Special features were the knockout tournaments in 1993 and 1995. Jongsma and Münninghoff wrote a book about the sixty years until 1998. 

 

Hotel Kennemerduin

Wijk aan Zee

 

The level of the main group and the number of participating amateurs went up and down with the profit of the steel industry. Business boomed in the 1990s. Therefore, the top three players, Kasparov, Anand and Kramnik, could be invited for 1999. Kasparov played a great tournament. The event made a super trio with Linares and Dortmund since that year. 

 

60 years Hoogovens chess tournament

                                     Outside and inside De Moriaan

 


Corus 2000-10

 

When Hoogovens and British Steel merged, the name became Corus. The chess tournament continued under this name in 2000. The number of amateurs in numerous groups stayed at 1600. Kasparov scored 9˝/13. 

The strongest event in the series was played in 2001, because nine top ten players participated. Kasparov won the tournament for the third time in a row and scored 9/13. He participated no longer from 2002, but the level remained high. 

Anand had a lot of success. Carlsen won three times. 

 

Tata Steel 2011-14

 

The new sponsor name became Tata Steel in 2011. Aronian won twice.


 

Winners of the main group

1938 Bakker and Van Dijk

1939 Cortlever

1940 Euwe

1941 Wijnans

1942 Euwe

1943 Van den Hoek

1944 Van Scheltinga

1946 O'Kelly

1947 Van Scheltinga

1948 (10) Prins

1949 Tartakower

1950 Donner

1951 Pilnik

1952 Euwe

1953 Rossolimo

1954 Bouwmeester and Pirc

1955 Milic

1956 Stahlberg

1957 Matanovic

1958 (20) Euwe and Donner

1959 Olafsson

1960 Petrosian and Larsen

1961 Larsen and Ivkov

1962 Trifunovic

1963 (25) Donner

1964 Keres and Nei

1965 Portisch and Geller

1966 Polugaevsky

1967 Spassky

1968 (30) Kortschnoj

1969 Botvinnik and Geller

1970 Taimanov

1971 Kortschnoj

1972 Portisch

1973 Tal

1974 Browne

1975 Portisch

1976 Ljubojevic and Olafsson

1977 Geller and Sosonko

1978 (40) Portisch

1979 Polugaevsky

1980 Seirawan and Browne

1981 Sosonko and Timman

1982 Nunn and Balashov

1983 Andersson

1984 Kortschnoj and Beliavsky

1985 Timman

1986 Short

1987 Short and Kortschnoj

1988 (50) Karpov

1989 Anand, Nikolic, Ribli and Sax

1990 Nunn

1991 Nunn

1992 Salov and Gelfand

1993 Karpov

1994 Nikolic

1995 Dreev

1996 Ivanchuk

1997 Salov

1998 (60) Anand and Kramnik

1999 Kasparov

2000 Kasparov

2001 Kasparov

2002 Bareev

2003 Anand

2004 Anand

2005 Lékó

2006 Anand and Topalov

2007 Aronian, Radjabov and Topalov

2008 (70) Aronian and Carlsen

2009 Karjakin

2010 Carlsen

2011 Nakamura

2012 Aronian

2013 (75) Carlsen

2014 Aronan

 

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